Eid, the feast that marks the last day of Ramadan, was yesterday, June 23, 2017.
So I would like to wish the Muslim community Eid Mubarak and provide a very brief overview of the history of Islam this week.
Mohammed’s full name was Mohammed Ibn Abdullah Ibn Abdul Mutalib Ibn Hashim.
He belonged to the tribe of Quraysh. He was born in the year 570 AD in the city of Hejaz in what is now known as Saudi Arabia.
In his forties, he began to pray alone and in 610 AD the angel Gabriel appeared to him and commanded certain verses that are included in the Quran.
The prophet Mohammed passed away in 632 AD without appointing a successor caliph. The Sunnis believe that Mohammed’s father-in-law, Abu Bakr, was the chosen caliph while Shias believe that his cousin and son-in-law, Ali was the chosen one. Eventually Abu Bakr became the next caliph.
Both the Sunnis and Shias believe in the Five Pillars of Islam, although Shias refer to them differently.
The Five Pillars are: Shahada (Faith), Salat (Prayer), Zakat (Charity), Sawm (Fasting) and Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca).