Love in Friendship and Aristotle

Yesterday I had the pleasure of attending my cousin’s wedding.

In his homily, the deacon officiating the ceremony discussed how spouses are not only life partners but also each other’s best friends.

I found this observation to be wonderfully meaningful for what better way to start a life together than standing on a foundation of friendship?

Aristotle identified three motives for friendship: utility, pleasure, and the good.

He posited three rules for founding a friendship. Both parties must:

1. Feel goodwill for each other.

2. Be aware of each other’s goodwill.

3. The cause of their goodwill must be one of the three motives mentioned above.

Watching couples like my cousin and his new bride take their vows is an illustration of friendship for the good in love.

International Holocaust Remembrance Day

Today, in 1945, the Soviet Red Army liberated the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp.

In 2005 the United Nations established today as a day to remember the victims of the Holocaust.

The DRVH or Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust is an eight year day period of commemorations as designated by the United States Congress.

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum sets a theme each year.

The DRVH is observed in late April every year. I will be blogging about The Diary of Anne Frank at that time.


For me the word “silhouette” conjures up artistic images.

A photograph taken in perfect backlighting.

The outline of a still-life captured in colored pencil.

The shadow of a vase as the afternoon sun shines through it.

In words, a silhouette is the outline of a poem.


Trill is a tricky one.

I am offering an abbreviated version of what I found at

  1. A repetitive succession of rapidly alternating sounds.
  2. (Phonetics): A trill can be executed while singing, talking or whistling.
  3. (Music): An alternation of two rapid tones.
  4. To flow into a stream.

What all these definitions appear to have in common is that they posit an endless motion of sound or water that is repeated cyclically.